The First Intervention of France in Mexico
During the 19th century, Mexico was considered one of the most important countries in the American continent in an economic sense. In fact, it had prominent business deals with European countries. This distinction that marked the American country did not go unnoticed. The Pastry War is developed as an economic measure that seized a rich and advanced country in trade in a nation that was slow to recover from the attack it received.
From April 16, 1838 to March 9, 1839, the so-called Pastry War or the first French intervention in Mexico occurred.
This brief armed conflict between Mexico and France was due to damages caused to French merchants, mainly a French pastry chef named Remontel, who demanded payment for merchandise and furniture from his premises, which was vandalized by militiamen, claims sent to Paris through the French ambassador, Baron Deffaudis, who was in the country conducting steps to lay the foundations for political relations between the two countries.
Deffaudis left Mexico when he did not reach an accordance in the management of this agreement, and returned on March 21, 1838, backed by French warships to demand the payments that the French merchants requested from the Mexican government, as compensation for the damage caused to their business during conflicts in the country. He also requested privileges from French citizens engaged in commerce.
The Mexican ports were blocked for 7 months, as the Anastacio Bustamante government denied any negotiation while national sovereignty was threatened by French guns, in addition to the government having the position of not having the obligation to compensate for claims made by damage to property during armed conflicts.
San Juán de Ulúa and the city of Veracruz suffered French bombardment, causing both cities to capitulate without the approval of the Mexican government, which declares war by sending Antonio López de Santa Anna as commander of the troops that would face the enemy.
Both sides fought in a skirmish in the port of Veracruz, which would be the most serious thing that happened during the War of the Pastries.
The end of the confrontation between France and Mexico would come when an agreement was signed thanks to the efforts of the English embassy. In this agreement, Mexico promised to pay the 600,000 pesos demanded by France, the War of Pastrys came to an end on March 9, 1839.
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